Future Trading is basically the trading platform where processes are done between two parties agreeing to transact a set of financial or physical commodities for future delivery at an agreed fixed price.
The exercise entails buying future contracts, meaning the investor is agreeing to buy something that the seller has not yet made for a set agreed price. However this type of transition does not in any way mean, that the investor will eventually be responsible for or expect to receive the inventories in its physical form.
This is a platform for future contracts, where hedge risks or speculations are done rather than the actual exchange of physical material. These transactions are used not only as financial instruments for producers and consumers but also by speculators intending to make a quick and easy profit without having to deal with any tangible physical products.
This effectively creates an intense competitive state among the buyers and sellers alike, but more importantly it provides the central managements of price risks. Being an extremely liquid, risky and complex entity, it can still be easily maneuvered if well understood. It also provides the centralization of all marketplace activities for buyers and sellers globally who meet with the intention of designing and acquiring futures contracts. The pricing systems used can be in the most conventional ways, such as open cry systems or bids and offers that can be matched through the new electronic platforms available.
The future contracts will state the price that is meant to be paid and the date of the perceived delivery, perceived because there is no actual exchange of physical material through the delivery of any commodity. There are advantages to being able to lock in prices for future items being sold as this would not cause losses should the amount then take a downwards turn when compared to the agreed price.